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Birds of Aquicuana Reserve

Our preliminary birding efforts have yielded 339 observed bird species, all listed here. With the help of guests and researchers, we hope to do justice to the stunning biodiversity of the Reserve and add more to the list – we estimate there are more than 350 in total.

Tinamidae (Tinamous)
Cinereous Tinamou    Crypturellus cinereus
Little Tinamou    Crypturellus soui
Undulated Tinamou    Crypturellus undulatus
Small-billed Tinamou    Crypturellus parvirostris

Anhimidae (Screamers)
Horned Screamer    Anhima cornuta
Southern Screamer    Chauna torquata

Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl)
White-faced whistling duck    Dendrocygna viduata
Black-bellied whistling duck    Dendrocygna autumnalis
Muscovy Duck    Cairina moschata
Brazilian Teal    Amazonetta brasiliensis

Cracidae (Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows)
Spix’s Guan    Penelope jacquacu
Speckled Chachalaca    Ortalis guttata
Razor-billed Curassow    Mitu tuberosum

Ciconiidae (Storks)
Jabiru    Jabiru mycteria
Wood Stork    Mycteria americana

Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants)
Neotropic Cormorant    Phalocrocorax brasilianus

Anhingidae (Anhingas)
Anhinga    Anhinga anhinga

Ardeidae (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns)
Rufescent Tiger-Heron    Tigrisoma lineatum
Cattle Egret    Bubulcus ibis
Cocoi Heron    Ardea cocoi
Great Egret    Ardea alba
Snowy Egret    Egretta thula
Striated Heron    Butorides striata
Agami Heron    Agamia agami
Capped Heron    Pilherodius pileatus
Black-crowned Night-Heron    Nycticorax nycticorax
Boat-billed Heron    Cochlearius cochlearius

Threskiornithidae (Ibises and Spoonbills)
Green Ibis   Mesembrinibis cayennensis
Roseate Spoonbill    Platalea ajaja

Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
Black Vulture    Coragyps atratus
Turkey Vulture    Cathartes aura
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture    Cathartes burrovianus
Greater Yellow-headed Vulture    Cathartes melambrotus

Pandionidae (Osprey)
Osprey    Pandion haliaetus

Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
Pearl Kite    Gampsonyx swainsonii
Gray-headed Kite    Leptodon cayenensis
Swallow-tailed Kite    Elanoides forficatus
Black-collared Hawk    Busarellus nigricollis
Great Black Hawk   Buteogallus urubitinga
Snail Kite    Rostrhamus sociabilis
Slender-billed Kite    Helicolestes hamatus
Double-toothed Kite    Harpagus bidentatus
Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus
Plumbeous Kite    Ictinia plumbea
Long-winged Harrier    Circus buffoni
Gray-bellied Hawk    Accipiter poliogaster
Crane Hawk    Geranospiza caerulescens
Slate-colored Hawk    Buteogallus schistaceus
Roadside Hawk    Rupornis magnirostris
Gray-lined Hawk    Buteo nitidus
Zone-tailed Hawk    Buteo albonotatus
Black Hawk-Eagle    Spizaetus tyrannus

Eurypygidae (Sunbittern)
Sunbittern    Eurypyga helias

Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
Rufous-sided Crake    Laterallus melanophaius
Gray-cowled Wood-Rail    Aramides cajaneus
Purple Gallinule    Porphyrio martinica
Azure Gallinule    Porphyrio flavirostris

Heliornithidae (Finfoots)
Sungrebe    Heliornis fulica

Aramidae (Limpkin)
Limpkin    Aramus guarauna

Charadriidae (Plovers and Lapwings)
Pied Plover    Vanellus cayanus
Southern Lapwing    Vanellus chilensis
Collared Plover    Charadrius collaris

Jacanidae (Jacanas)
Wattled Jacana    Jacana jacana

Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and Allies)
Lesser Yellowlegs    Tringa flavipes
Greater Yellowlegs    Tringa melanoleuca
Solitary Sandpiper    Tringa solitaria
Pectoral Sandpiper    Calidris melanotos

Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)
Yellow-billed Tern    Sternula superciliaris
Large-billed Tern    Phaetusa simplex
Black Skimmer    Rynchops niger

Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
Pale-vented Pigeon    Patagioenas cayennensis
Scaled Pigeon    Patagioenas speciosa
Plumbeous Pigeon    Patagioenas plumbea
Ruddy Pigeon    Patagioenas subvinacea
Ruddy Ground-Dove    Columbina talpacoti
Picui Ground Dove    Columbina picui
Rock Dove    Columba livia
Blue Ground-Dove    Claravis pretiosa
Ruddy Quail-Dove    Geotrygon montana
White-tipped Dove    Leptotila verreauxi
Grey-fronted Dove    Leptotila rufaxila

Opisthocomidae (Hoatzin)
Hoatzin    Opisthocomus hoazin

Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
Greater Ani    Crotophaga major
Smooth-billed Ani    Crotophaga ani
Little Cuckoo    Coccycua minuta
Squirrel Cuckoo    Piaya cayana

Tytonidae (Barn-Owls)
Western Barn-Owl    Tyto alba

Strigidae (Owls)
Tropical Screech Owl    Megascops choliba
Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl    Megascops watsonii
Crested Owl    Lophostrix cristata
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl    Glaucidium brasilianum
Burrowing Owl    Athene cunicularia
Black-banded Owl    Ciccaba huhula
Striped Owl    Pseudoscops clamator / Asio clamator
Spectacled Owl    Pulsatrix perspicillata

Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Allies)
Short-tailed Nighthawk    Lurocalis semitorquatus
Common Pauraque    Nyctidromus albicollis
Ladder-tailed Nightjar    Hydropsalis climacocerca
Little Nightjar    Setopagis parvula

Nyctibiidae (Potoos)
Great Potoo    Nyctibius grandis
Common Potoo    Nyctibius griseus
Long-tailed Potoo    Nyctibius aethereus

Apodidae (Swifts)
Amazonian Swift    Chaetura viridipennis
Short-tailed Swift    Chaetura brachyura
Pale-rumped Swift    Chaetura egregia
Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift    Panyptila cayennensis
Fork-tailed Palm-Swift    Tachornis squamata

Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
Rufous-breasted Hermit    Glaucis hirsutus
White-bearded Hermit    Phaethornis hispidus
Needle-billed Hermit    Phaethornis philippii
Reddish Hermit    Phaethornis ruber
Gray-breasted Sabrewing    Campylopterus largipennis
Fork-tailed Woodnymph    Thalurania furcata
White-chinned Sapphire    Hylocharis cyanus
Sapphire-spangled Emerald    Amazilia lactea

Trogonidae (Trogons)
Black-tailed Trogon    Trogon melanurus
Green-backed Trogon    Trogon viridis
Amazonian Trogon    Trogon ramonianus
Blue-crowned Trogon    Trogon curucui
Collared Trogon Trogon collaris
Masked Trogon Trogon personatus

Momotidae (Motmots)
Amazonian Motmot    Momotus momota

Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
Ringed Kingfisher    Megaceryle torquata
Amazon Kingfisher    Chloroceryle amazona
Green Kingfisher    Chloroceryle americana
Green-and-rufous Kingfisher    Chloroceryle inda
American Pygmy Kingfisher    Chloroceryle aenea

Bucconidae (Puffbirds)
Chestnut-capped Puffbird    Bucco macrodactylus
Black-fronted Nunbird    Monasa nigrifrons
Swallow-winged Puffbird    Chelidoptera tenebrosa
White-necked Puffbird    Notharchus hyperrhynchus

Galbulidae (Jacamars)
Rufous-tailed Jacamar    Galbula ruficauda
Bluish-fronted Jacamar    Galbula cyanescens
Paradise Jacamar    Galbula dea
Purus Jacamar    Galbalcyrhynchus purusianus

Capitonidae (New World Barbets)
Gilded barbet    Capito auratus

Ramphastidae (Toucans)
Chestnut-eared Aracari    Pteroglossus castanotis
Lettered Aracari    Pteroglossus inscriptus
Ivory-billed Aracari    Pteroglossus azara
Curl-crested Aracari    Pteroglossus beauharnaesii
Red-necked Aracari    Pteroglossu bitorquatus
White-throated Toucan    Ramphastos tucanus
Channel-billed Toucan    Ramphastos vitellinus

Picidae (Woodpeckers)
White-wedged Piculet    Picumnus albosquamatus
Yellow-tufted Woodpecker    Melanerpes cruentatus
Little Woodpecker    Veniliornis passerinus
Red-stained Woodpecker    Veniliornis affinis
Spot-breasted Woodpecker    Colaptes punctigula
Chestnut Woodpecker    Celeus elegans
Cream-colored Woodpecker    Celeus flavus
Ringed Woodpecker    Celeus torquatus
Lineated Woodpecker    Dryocopus lineatus
Crimson-crested Woodpecker    Campephilus melanoleucos
Golden-green Woodpecker    Piculus chrysochloros
White Woodpecker Melanerpes candidus

Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
Southern Caracara    Caracara plancus
Laughing Falcon    Herpetotheres cachinnans
Black Caracara    Daptrius ater
Bat Falcon    Falco rufigularis
Red-throated Caracara Ibycter americana

Psittacidae (Parrots)
Tui Parakeet    Brotogeris sanctithomae
Cobalt-winged Parakeet    Brotogeris cyanoptera
Blue-headed Parrot    Pionus menstruus
Yellow-crowned Parrot    Amazona ochrocephala
Turquoise-fronted Parrot    Amazona aestiva
Mealy Parrot    Amazona farinosa
White-bellied Parrot    Pionites leucogaster
Black-capped Parakeet Pyrrhura rupicola
Dusky-headed Parakeet    Aratinga weddellii
Red-bellied Macaw    Orthopsittaca manilatus
Blue-and-yellow Macaw    Ara ararauna
Scarlet Macaw    Ara macao
Red-and-green Macaw    Ara chloropterus
Chestnut-fronted Macaw    Ara severus
White-eyed Parakeet    Psittacara leucophthalmus
Golden-winged Parakeet    Brotogeris chrysoptera
Red-shouldered Macaw Diopsittaca cumanensis

Thamnophilidae (Antbirds)
Great Antshrike    Taraba major
Barred Antshrike    Thamnophilus doliatus
Amazonian Antshrike    Thamnophilus amazonicus
White-shouldered Antshrike Thamnophilus aethiops
Bluish-slate Antshrike Thamnomanes schistogynus
Spot-winged Antshrike Pygiptila stellaris
Sclater’s Antwren Myrmotherula sclateri
White-flanked Antwren    Myrmotherula axillaris
Leaden Antwren    Myrmotherula assimilis
Amazonian Streaked-Antwren Myrmotherula multostriata
Ornate Antwren Epinecrophylla ornata
Pygmy Antwren    Myrmotherula brachyura
Long-winged Antwren    Myrmotherula longipennis
Gray Antwren    Myrmotherula menetriesii
Large-billed Antwren    Herpsilochmus longirostris
Rufous-winged Antwren Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus
Peruvian Warbling-Antbird    Hypocnemis peruviana
Riparian Antbird    Cercomacroides fuscicauda
Gray Antbird    Cercomacra cinerascens
Black-faced Antbird Myrmoborus myotherinus
White-browed Antbird    Myrmoborus leucophrys
Band-tailed Antbird    Hypocnemoides maculicauda
Silvered Antbird    Sclateria naevia
Plumbeous Antbird    Myrmelastes hyperythrus
Chestnut-tailed Antbird    Sciaphylax hemimelaena
Black-throated Antbird    Myrmophylax atrothorax
Dot-backed Antbird    Hylophylax punctulatus

Grallariidae (Antpittas)
Masked Antpitta    Hylopezus auricularis

Formicariidae (Antthrushes)
Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis

Furnariidae (Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers)
Olivaceous Woodcreeper    Sittasomus griseicapillus
Long-billed Woodcreeper    Nasica longirostris
Black-banded Woodcreeper    Dendrocolaptes picumnus
Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spiurus
Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper Dendrexetastes rufigula
Striped Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus obsoletus
Ocellated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus occelatus
Elegant Woodcreeper    Xiphorhynchus elegans
Buff-throated Woodcreeper    Xiphorhynchus guttatus
Tschudi’s Woodcreeper    Xiphorhynchus chunchotambo
Strong-billed Woodcreeper    Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus
Straight-billed Woodcreeper    Dendroplex picus
Red-billed Scythebill    Campylorhamphus trochilirostris
Pale-legged Hornero    Furnarius leucopus
Rufous Hornero    Furnarius rufus
Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleaner    Philydor erythrocercum
Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-gleaner Philydor pyrrhodes
Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner    Anabacerthia ruficaudata
Plain Xenops Xenops minutus
Streaked Xenops    Xenops rutilans
Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner    Automolus rufipileatus
Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner    Automolus ochrolaemus
Plain-crowned Spinetail    Synallaxis gujanensis
Yellow-chinned Spinetail Certhiaxix cinnamomeus

Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum
Rough-legged Tyrannulet Phyllomyias burmeisteri
Forest Elaenia Myiopagis gaimardii
Gray Elaenia Myiopagis caniceps
Greenish Elaenia Myiopagis viridicata
Small-billed Elaenia    Elaenia parvirostris
Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant    Myiornis ecaudatus
Yellow-breasted Flycatcher    Tolmomyias flaviventris
Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher    Terenotriccus erythrurus
Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus
Vermilion Flycatcher    Pyrocephalus rubinus
Drab Water Tyrant    Ochthornis littoralis
Lesser Kiskadee    Pitangus lictor
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
Rusty-margined Flycatcher    Myiozetetes cayanensis
Social Flycatcher    Myiozetetes similis
Tropical Kingbird    Tyrannus melancholicus
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana
Dusky-capped flycatcher    Myiarchus tuberculifer
Southern scrub-flycatcher Sublegatus modestus
Long-tailed Tyrant    Colonia colonus
Crowned Slaty Flycatcher    Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus
Piratic Flycatcher    Legatus leucophaius
Boat-billed Flycatcher    Megarynchus pitangua
Short-crested Flycatcher    Myiarchus ferox
Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher    Myiodynastes luteiventris
Streaked Flycatcher    Myiodynastes maculatus
Gray-capped Flycatcher    Myiozetetes granadensis
Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher    Poecilotriccus latirostris
Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher    Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum
Common Tody-flycatcher    Todirostrum cinereum
Spotted Tody-Flycatcher    Todirostrum maculatum
Grayish Mourner   Rhytipterna simplex
White-eyed Attila    Attila bolivianus
White-throated Spadebill    Platyrinchus mystaceus
Bright-rumped Attila    Attila spadiceus
Yellow-margined Flatbill    Tolmomyias assimilis
Flammulated Pygmy-Tyrant Hemitriccus flammulatus
Johannes’s Tody-Tyrant    Hemitriccus iohannis
Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet    Tyrannulus elatus
Straneck’s Tyrannulet    Serpophaga griseicapilla

Cotingidae (Cotingas)
Spangled Cotinga    Cotinga cayana
Screaming Piha    Lipaugus vociferans
Amazonian Umbrellabird    Cephalopterus ornatus
Bare-necked Fruitcrow    Gymnoderus foetidus

Pipridae (Manakins)
Sulphur-bellied Tyrant-manakin    Neopelma sulphureiventer
Band-tailed Manakin    Pipra fasciicauda
Wing-barred Piprites Piprites chloris

Tityridae (Tityras and Allies)
Black-tailed Tityra    Tityra cayana
Black-crowned Tityra    Tityra inquisitor
Masked Tityra    Tityra semifasciata
White-winged Becard    Pachyramphus polychopterus
Black-capped Becard    Pachyramphus marginatus

Vireonidae (Vireos, Shrike-Babblers)
Rufous-browed Peppershrike    Cyclarhis gujanensis
Lemon-chested Greenlet    Hylophilus thoracicus
Dusky-capped Greenlet Pachysylvia hypoxantha
Red-eyed vireo    Vireo olivaceus

Hirundinidae (Swallows)
Gray-breasted Martin    Progne chalybea
Brown-chested Martin    Progne tapera
White-winged Swallow    Tachycineta albiventer
Southern Rough-winged Swallow    Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

Troglodytidae (Wrens)
House Wren    Troglodytes aedon
Thrush-like Wren    Campylorhynchus turdinus
Buff-breasted Wren    Cantorchilus leucotis
Fawn-breasted Wren    Cantorchilus guarayanus
Musician Wren Cyphorhinus arada
Moustached Wren    Pheugopedius genibarbis
Scaly-breasted Wren Microcerculus marginatus

Donacobiidae (Donacobius)
Black-capped Donacobius    Donacobius atricapilla

Turdidae (Thrushes and Allies)
Hauxwell’s Thrush    Turdus hauxwelli
Black-billed Thrush    Turdus ignobilis

Thraupidae (Tanagers and Allies)
Red-capped cardinal    Paroaria gularis
Hooded Tanager    Nemosia pileata
Gray-headed Tanager    Eucometis penicillata
White-shouldered Tanager    Tachyphonus luctuosus
White-lined Tanager    Tachyphonus rufus
Silver-beaked Tanager    Ramphocelus carbo
Blue-gray Tanager    Thraupis episcopus
Palm Tanager    Thraupis palmarum
Turquoise Tanager    Tangara mexicana
Paradise Tanager    Tangara chilensis
Swallow Tanager    Tersina viridis
Black-faced Dacnis    Dacnis lineata
Red.legged Honeycreeper    Cyanerpes cyaneus
Purple honeycreeper      Cyanerpes caeruleus
Guira Tanager    Hemithraupis guira
Chestnut-vented Conebill    Conirostrum speciosum
Blue-black Grassquit    Volatinia jacarina
Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch    Sporophila angolensis
Double-collared Seedeater    Sporophila caerulescens
Lined Seedeater Sporophila lineola
Grayish Saltator    Saltator coerulescens
Buff-throated Saltator    Saltator maximus

Passerellidae (New World Buntings and Sparrows)
Yellow-browed Sparrow    Ammodramus aurifrons

Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
Rose-breasted Chat    Granatellus pelzelni
Red-crowned Ant-tanager Habia rubica

Icteridae (Troupials and Allies)
Dusky-green Oropendola    Psarocolius atrovirens
Green Oropendola    Psarocolius viridis
Crested Oropendola    Psarocolius decumanus
Olive Oropendola    Psarocolius bifasciatus
Russet-backed Oropendola Psarocolius angustifrons
Yellow-rumped Cacique    Cacicus cela
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis

Fringillidae (Finches, Euphonias, and Allies)
Purple-throated Euphonia    Euphonia chlorotica
White-lored Euphonia    Euphonia chrysopasta
Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris
Golden-bellied Euphonia Euphonia chrysopasta


The following species recognized by HBW/BirdLife International/IUCN but not currently by the IOC/AOU are listed here for additional reference. These species have been observed in the Reserve; we note the potential split here for future consideration. They are not included in our total species count. 

Spot-vented Emerald    Amazilia bartletti
Amazonian Black-breasted Woodpecker    Celeus occidentalis
Lafresnaye’s Woodcreeper    Xiphorhynchus guttatoides